Skin Aging… What you really need to know! (part 2)

Why does skin age?Increased melanin

When people reach the age of 40, the skin’s ability to produce and replace new skin cells slows down. There is a layer under the skin called Dermis. This layer is very thick, and when people age, this layer starts becoming thin. Skin loses its ability to retain moisture. The glands that help improve skin elasticity become inactive, and the skin will lose its flexibility.

Types of skin:  Skin types vary, depending upon the amount of melanin the skin produces naturally. Melanin is a photo-protective pigment that prevents the skin from harmful UV rays. There are various skin types, and they are classified according to the skin tone and color gradient. We can divide these skin types into several groups (Melanin increasing downwards):

decreasing melanin level

  • Very light
  • Fair
  • Medium
  • Olive or light brown
  • Dark Brown
  • Black


Darker shades of skin contain more melanin, which reduces the speed of skin aging. For example, Africans will not burn from the sun the way a fair-skinned Caucasian would. It is an interesting fact that people with lighter skin tones are more affected by environment. The melanin in the skin is a protection barrier, which protects the skin from harmful rays and acts like a natural sun-block.

Types of melanin:  All types of skin produce melanin; however, there are two types of melanin

  • Eumelanin
  • Pheomelanin


Eumelanin is dark brown to black in color. Darker people have a higher percentage of Eumelanin in their skin. Eumelanin is more protective against the sun’s damaging UV rays. It absorbs the UV rays and protects the skin by dispersing the energy. People with darker skin suffer from fewer skin problems than those with lighter skin.


Pheomelanin is pale to red in color. People with lighter skin have a greater percentage of this type of melanin. Pheomelanin does not protect against the sun rays as much as Eumelanin. Pheomelanin breaks down with UV rays and causes skin problems like sun burn, irritation, and blemishes.

As you can see, the aging process is different for everyone, depending on their skin type. Proper skin care can help slow down the skin’s aging process.

Daily aging skin care:  It is important to care for your skin so that it looks healthy and youthful. You should adopt an anti-aging skin care routine. Here are a few simple steps to keep your skin from aging prematurely:

Sun protection

The most important extrinsic aging factor is sun exposure. To avoid sun damage, blemishes, and age spots, use a suitable sun screen that is rated SPF 15 or higher. Apply sunscreen to your skin daily, even when the sun is not shining because there are always some harmful rays around you. Wear shirts with long sleeves and protect your legs as well.

Moisturizing:  During the aging process, skin loses its ability to retain moisture. Apply moisturizer to your skin daily to keep your skin feeling soft and looking youthful.

Skin care products:  Whatever brand of skin care products you choose to use, be cautious of the ingredients. Use products that have more natural and registered ingredients. Some products use low quality and dangerous ingredients that produce quick results but cause irreversible damage to your skin. Wrinkle System is one of the best brands for aging skin care.

Avoid stress:  Stress is one of the greatest causes of wrinkles. Avoid stress and depression and be happy. This is an excellent way to keep your skin looking and feeling fresh and young.smoking affects skin

Avoid smoking and drugs: Smoking tobacco is one of the worst causes of skin aging. It increases the speed of skin damage. People who smoke will age faster than those who do not smoke. Smoking reduces the amount of Vitamin A in the body that is needed for healthy skin. It breaks down the collagen supply, causing skin to become less flexible. It also causes the skin to become dry and feel rough. Drugs also cause damage to the skin, as well as depression and stress. These factors can cause dull and lifeless skin. Apply these useful tips into your life, and your skin will feel the difference.

(Photo source: africa)

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